NIRA Research Report No. 970096
Study for Applied New Information Concepts:
Keeping up with Structural Revolution in Local Industires
This paper propose how to use and build information systems for realizing CALS concepts what aim industries structural revolution in global, arrange for importance of keeping up with spreading CALS concepts.
Situation and course of smaller business in Japan
The economy of Japan is coming to the surface of structurally changes what decline manufacturing and activity in local manufacturing complex, collapse separating subcontract systems. Those changes are brining by rapidly progressing separated subtract globalization, moving manufacturing bases to foreign countries starting strong yen. The industrial word afraid for declining dynamic adaptability showed industry's structural changes in the past. Japanese industries have many problems. For Japanese industry's activation, smaller business keep up with structural changes in manufacturing. For that purpose, they must have original technologies, marketing skill, faculty of proposal to their customers, and faculty of developing new products.
Circumstances of industrial information policies
The United States government's industrial policy purpose that industries in U.S. restore ability to compete in the world market, that policy is composed of next three means. One is that make enterprises keep up with apreading CALS by legislation. Next one is that preparate NII and NIIIPFinfrastructure for CALS. The other one is that preparate supporting institution to apreading CALS for smaller business. Enterprises in the U.S. are challenging the business model "The new manufacturing enterprise wheel" that customer is the center of business and would be realized mass-customize manufacturing. And they are challenging Quick Response(QR) for market, Efficient Consumer Response(ECR) that is seller-producer alhanced by EDI(Electronic Date Interchangejon the computer network. In the Foreign countries Korea and Singapore, government promote that enterprises deal and ally with their country's enterprises by EDI and CALS. In Japan, modeling projects are started by Nippon CALS Research Partnership in Japan.
Industrial world in U.S. are planning to survive by intellectual faculties. Between U.S. enterprises and Japanese smaller business, the gap of acquiring business know-how of using CALS will spread. Because, Japanese enterprises not understand menace and revolution rarity of CALS concepts.
Advanced case studies in Japanese local
Advanced enterprises in Japanese local aim to strategic practical use business resource by advanced information. We must watch their activity. It is very important activities what local enterprises grow up by using CALS and EDI for economy of region.
Equipment new information systems in regional enterprises
The world will be global competing economy times by CALS concepts what bring structural revolution in many industries. For keeping up with this change, any enterprise must go beyond some peaks, clearly existing to have information jointly with the staff, advanced using computer, preparing local area network(LAN), preparing the Internet for global business. After U.S. government supply by only CALS at 2000 years, this acquisition way is entry barrier for other country's enterprises. Keeping up with CALS concepts in Japanese local industries are measures outgoing industries to foreign countries and saving ability to compete of local industries by dealing directly world market.
We propose the IC card system for One to One marketing in shopping district what do not easy business by deregulation.
Solutions for materializing new information concepts
In acquiring business process, the information has levels. Advancing information is increasing efficiency of reference low level information retrieval, making staffs to gather, discover, and produce high level information, and making their to improve those faculties. Before introducing CALS systems in enterprises, the administration has strategic management vision, plan of gathering talented persons. We have only little time until of U.S. government supply by only CALS at 2000 years.
In the world societyGPart of Japanese government are the actions of making acceptable using oriental languages in CALS systems, respecting original traditional practices in each industries. In the local societyGparts of Japanese government are consultation of smaller business. We propose the coordinating organization for advanced information in business.
The CALS have negative sides what original standards in preceding countries are accepted in the world, know-how in CALS operation cluster on one side. If CALS concepts are trying for making fair markets all over the world, CALS promoters must build up relationship by the sprit of reciprocity in world society.
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